10. Blackbeard’s sunken ship was discovered in 1996
One of history’s best known pirates, Blackbeard, sailed on a ship called the Queen Anne’s Revenge. The vessel was grounded and abandoned near the harbor of Charleston, South Carolina, in 1718. It remained there until its discovery in 1996. Archaeologists have recovered no less than 250,000 artifacts from the sunken frigate, including 31 cannons.
11. Barbary pirates enslaved more than a million Europeans
The Barbary pirates operated in the Mediterranean and further afield from the shores of North Africa, called the Barbary Coast by Europeans. They were especially active from the 16th century, taking ships and also enslaving crews and passengers. It’s been estimated that they took more than a million Europeans as slaves. The worst fate for these unfortunates was to become a rower on one of the oar-powered galleys where they could be held in chains for years.