The striking physical abnormality that afflicted one ancient Egyptian pharaoh would have set him apart from his peers. Relatively little is known about his actual reign, but a group of scientists have now confirmed that he suffered from a rare medical condition. And they believe it is the oldest such case ever identified.
Published in the medical journal The Lancet in August 2017, their findings are based on a forensic analysis of what are believed to be the pharaoh’s malformed bones. The study appears to have settled a long-running debate among Egyptologists and experts in ancient diseases.