Over the past few decades, the ancient Israeli city of Caesarea has thrown up a a number of archaeological treasures. And through the results of careful excavation, experts have been able to slowly paint a picture of what life was like in the area throughout the ages. In 2018, however, a trove of rare, centuries-old coins were unearthed in one of Caesarea’s neighborhoods, and this fascinating new find appears to tell us yet more about the region’s colorful history.
Located today within the borders of modern-day Israel, Caesarea has had a long and eventful existence. And to begin with, the city was initially established by the infamous Herod the Great, who ruled Judea from 37 B.C. to 4 B.C. Herod’s reign was supported by the Roman senate at the time, and this effectively made the monarch no more than a puppet leader for Rome.
What’s more, Caesarea was an important location within Judea during the period that Herod presided over the region. Initially known as Caesarea Maritima, the city is thought to have been constructed within the vicinity of an old naval base between 25 B.C. and 13 B.C. In 22 B.C. a deep-sea harbor – which later served as a base for Herod’s navy – also began to be built.