The fight to liberate Ukraine from the Nazis started as early as December 1942 with the recapture of towns in eastern Ukraine, just across the border from Russia. But actually wresting possession of Ukraine would take until October 1944, with as much as 50 percent of the Red Army involved.
One part of the operation that Kaziev played his part in was the recapture of the city of Kiev, Ukraine’s capital. The Second Battle of Kiev in 1943 – the first was in 1941 when the Germans took the city – ran from October to December. And eventually, after bitter street-to-street fighting, the Red Army emerged victorious.