Historically, the Netherlands had always been a neutral country. But as the Nazis’ reign of terror began to encroach on the country’s borders, anti-fascist sentiment started to grow. Then, on May 10, 1940, the Germans invaded. Their troops furthermore far outnumbered the Dutch forces, and so the country was soon under Nazi control.
As the Nazis began rounding up and deporting Jews living in the Netherlands, the Dutch Resistance was born. Initially comprising communists, Catholics and social democrats, the movement was instrumental in organizing the first major strike against the Nazis in the country – in February 1941.