Image: Andrew Houston
An elderly man sits in a wheelchair.
Day laborers still make up the majority of the population of Kamagasaki (officially renamed Airin-chiku in 1966 but still referred to as Kamagasaki by the locals). It’s estimated that there are 30,000 inhabitants per 2,000-meter radius in the slum. The exact number is unknown, however, because many of the people have no permanent addresses.