Image: Andrew Houston
Men seek shelter in a tunnel.
By the early 1960s, there were 35,000 men and women living in Kamagasaki, roughly two-thirds of them day laborers. The World’s Fair was then held in Osaka in 1970, which increased the demand for construction laborers. Optimistically, they flooded into Kamagasaki from all over Japan. The demographic of the area began shifting towards young single men, and it remains male-dominated today.