Woman of the Ayatal tribe, Taiwan.
Among the Ainu, the indigenous people of Japan, mouth tattoos were common among women as well. As a mark that grew with the age of the bearer, the mouth tattoo started as a small spot on the upper lip that was gradually increased in size by applying soot. Also among the Ayatal, one of Taiwan’s indigenous tribes, do traditional facial tattoos for men and women symbolise maturity. During Japanese rule, this tradition was forbidden.