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Nyiragongo: The Most Dangerous Volcano on Earth

Photo: Carsten Peter/National GeographicThe lava at Nyiragongo is made of an alkali-rich volcanic rock; its unusual composition may be a factor in the lava’s fluidity. Nyiragongo. It rises 2 miles high over the eastern part of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) and is the most dangerous volcano in Africa if not the world. …

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The Eruption of Mount Semeru as it Happened in Pictures

Photo: M. Rietze Thousands of bubbles of gas are popping and strewing magma and volcanic material into the air all at once, creating a stunning display. It’s the grand finale of the 2004 eruption of Indonesia’s Mount Semeru, captured here in sequence from start to finish. Mount Semeru is one of the most eruptive volcanoes …

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Stone Hoodoos: The Impossibly Balanced Fairy Chimneys

Photo: Wolfgang StaudtA spectacular photograph in HDR (high dynamic range) of a fairy chimney in Wahweap, AZ Fairy Chimneys, otherwise known as Hoodoos, are nature’s most amazing sculptures. They are very tall and thin columns of soft sandy rock which push up from a drainage basin below stronger rock so they look as if they …

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10 Most Incredible Volcanic Eruptions Ever Captured on Camera

Photo: M Reitze Nothing on earth can compare with the sight of a volcano blowing its top and hurling hot lava into the atmosphere. There is no doubt that for jaw-dropping spectacle and terrible danger, volcanic eruptions are spectacularly hard to beat. The most impressive are undoubtedly those where red-hot lava and ash are hurled …

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Lava Fountains Erupting from the Earth’s Crust

Photo: J.D Griggs Nature can be an awesome and spectacular sight. Behold the spewing lava of Pāhoehoe in Hawaii. Small lobes of smooth, runny lava ooze out of the cooled crust of the Earth. This slow movement forms bizarre sculptures of lava. The natural temperature of this mammoth flow is 1100 to 1200 degrees Celsius …