Environment

Bizarre Bubbles Invade the Ocean Floor

Photo: CybersamX Bunches of grapes grown in a radioactive environment? The genetically modified eggs of some strange unidentified marine species? Or a fungal growth that would

posted on 10/30/2009
Karl Fabricius
Scribol Staff

Green_Bubble_Coral_(14_cm)Photo:
Photo: CybersamX

Bunches of grapes grown in a radioactive environment? The genetically modified eggs of some strange unidentified marine species? Or a fungal growth that would call for a hasty trip to the doctor? Nothing of the sort. It’s stunningly beautiful bubble coral, and once we saw it we simply had to blog about it. Don your dark glasses; you’re in for a feast for the eyes that might leave you dazzled.

Club culture coral: Bubble coral under actinic light
Plerogyra_sinuosa_(Bubble_Coral)_under_actinic_light_in_aquariumPhoto:
Photo: RevolverOcelot

Bubble corals are recognisable by their large, water-filled bubbles, or vesicles. Like light-loving balloons, these inflate during the day and deflate at the night, when tentacles come out instead in search of food.

Bubbles become fingers: Plerogyra sinuosa bubble coral in Timor
Pearl_coloured_Plerogyra_sinuosa_(Bubble_coral)_TimorPhoto:
Photo: Nick Hobgood

The bubbles – which are white, cream, light green or pink in colour – protect the bubble coral skeleton. Meanwhile, the extended sweeper tentacles fight for space, and hunt prey such as plankton; stinging, capturing and killing their targets.

Wrinkly skin: Dangling tuft of Plerogyra sinuosa bubble coral
Dangling_tuft_of_bubble_coral_(Plerogyra_sinuosa)_in_aquariumPhoto:
Photo: RevolverOcelot

Some bubble corals are also characterised by incredible fingerprint patterns, a nice touch by Mother Nature – at least to humans, apparently keen to recognise themselves in everything they see in the world around them.

Crustacean cameo: Orang-utan crab on bubble coral
Orangutan_crab_on_bubble_coralPhoto:
Photo: Nick Hobgood

Clearly some aquatic animals love bubble coral as much as we do – at least those big enough not to be on the menu – be it the awesomely named orang-utan crab or this little bubble coral shrimp, Vir Philippinensis.

Shrimp and egg salad: Vir Philippinensis with eggs on bubble coral
Shrimp_Vir_Philippinensis_with_eggs_on_Bubble_CoralPhoto:
Photo: prilfish

The bubble corals collected in our virtual aquarium are all Plerogyra sinuosa. The exception is the striking specimen below, which is not actually bubble coral per se but the more fungal-looking euphyllia ancora, or anchor bubble coral.

Microscopic germs? No, Euphyllia ancora – anchor bubble coral
Green_Euphyllia_ancora_(Anchor_bubble_coral)Photo:
Photo: Nick Hobgood

Bubble corals are native to the western Pacific and Indo-Pacific oceanic regions as well as the Red Sea. Here they tend to be found in protected, shaded areas with gentle currents, for example under overhangs and on cave walls.

Alien frogspawn: Plerogyra sinuosa bubble coral on Hino Maru
Bubble_coral_(Plerogyra_sinuosa)_on_Hino_MaruPhoto:
Photo: David Burdick

These beautiful marine organisms are a favourite among reef aquarists, who must be careful if they don’t engage in warfare with each other. Humans should beware as their sweeper tentacles are capable of stinging our flesh.

Blue brain: Bubble coral in the waters of the Tongan islands of Vava’u
Bubble_Coral_Tonga_Islands_playing_in_the_waters_of_VavaPhoto:
Photo: Andrea

Beautiful and belligerent, bubble corals are also extremely sensitive to environmental changes such as those in temperature and salinity. To vouchsafe their future in the wild, they must be protected from potentially damaging human activities such as mooring, fishing and construction.

Sources: 1, 2, 3, 4

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Karl Fabricius
Scribol Staff