Situated in the western part of North Island in New Zealand, the imposing Mount Taranaki looms. Taranaki is an active volcano, although the last instance of activity occurred back in the mid-19th century. However, the chances of an eruption in the near future are thought to be quite high. And the implications could prove to be catastrophic.
Volcanoes are naturally occurring geographical formations that are caused by fractures in the crust of the Earth. Such fissures are brought about by certain processes occurring beneath the surface of the planet. Specifically, they often relate to the amount of pressure and heat at work within the Earth.
Large rock formations known as tectonic plates make up the surface of the Earth. To help visualize this, we might think of tectonic plates as individual segments of a jigsaw puzzle. However, they’re constantly in motion – crashing into, pulling away or brushing past one another.