Open Brain Coral on the Ocean Floor

Open Brain Coral on the Ocean Floor

Karl Fabricius
Karl Fabricius
Scribol Staff
Environment, January 12, 2010

An_open_brain-coral_(Trachyphyllia)_in_aquariumPhoto:
Photo: RevolverOcelot

Images of gore that would make an axe murderer proud are not the sort of stuff you would expect to find on the ocean floor, but with open brain corals that’s exactly what you get. Less gruesomely known as crater corals or pacific rose corals, open brain corals are a favourite with aquarium owners but might also prove popular with slasher movie fanatics or proponents of bad brain surgery, if only they knew. Take a gander and see what you think.

Definitely something on the brain: Red Wellsophyllia open brain coral
Red_Wellsophyllia_Open_Brain_CoralPhoto:
Photo: Reefland

Tough, colourful and captivating, open or folded brain corals are stony specimens characterised by two or three growths of expanding fleshy tissue known as polyps projecting from their base. The way their skeletons form miniature valleys with separate, pinched walls is what makes them appear so delightfully brain-like to human perception.

Purple patch: Wellsophyllia open brain coral
Wellsophyllia_Open_Brain_CoralPhoto:
Photo: MonsterReef

Think pink: Open brain coral shot in California
Open_Brain_Coral_Orange,_CAPhoto:
Photo: saimo_mx70

Typically found in the waters off Australia, the Indo Pacific and Fiji, open brain corals display a wonderful array of colours, making them all the more marvellous. Opaque, blue, green and red colours are commonly found in the aquarium industry, where the corals are made to fluoresce beautifully under actinic lighting.

Hello my pretty: Open brain coral in the evening under actinic lighting
Open_brain_coral_in_the_evening_under_actinic_lightingPhoto:
Photo: RevolverOcelot

Blooming marvellous: Trachyphyllia geoffroyi red open brain coral
open_brain_coral_red_trachyphylliaPhoto:
Photo: Reefland

Showing they have a disposition to match their macabre name, open brain corals are voracious plankton-feeders in their natural habitats. The rows of tentacles around their mouths measure as large as 10mm, and during the evening and night time these stinging tendrils come out to capture prey. These beauties of the ocean floor can also swell up to pull themselves out of their holes in the sand and even move around the sand bed. See? Not just a pretty face – and an ugly name.

Sources: 1, 2, 3, 4

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