4. Voluntary Human Extinction Movement
“Phasing out the human race by voluntarily ceasing to breed will allow Earth’s biosphere to returnto good health. Crowded conditions and resource shortages will improve as we become less dense.”
So says the homepage of the Voluntary Human Extinction Movement (VHEMT, pronounced vehement).
The basic concept behind VHEMT is the belief that the Earth would be better off without humans, and as such, humans should refuse to breed. However, this does not mean humans should be forced not to breed. The group was founded by Les U. Knight, whose stated life’s work is “to phase out the human race by non-coercive means.”
3. Earth First!
“To put it simply, the Earth must come first.” This sums up the basic ideology of ‘Earth First!ers. Earth First! is a radical environmentalist group that believes anything must be done in order to protect mother earth. Members of the group believe in biocentrism, the belief that every life of every species is equally valuable.
Earth First! is most well known for its alleged attempted bombing in the UK in 1990. In the incident, a bomb placed in activist Judi Bari’s car detonated, injuring her and fellow activist Darryl Cheney.
Earth First! was formed in the spring of 1980 after angry environmentalists decided the environmentalist movement was being ‘sold out’ by mainstream environmentalists working for corporate cronies.
After the Bari bombing incident, EF became primarily associated with non-violent direct action activities.
Earth First! was the first ‘mainstream’ environmental extremist group. In fact, the more well known Earth Liberation Front (ELF) and its sister group, the Animal Liberation Front (ALF) evolved from Earth First!
Greenpeace started in 1970, when activists from the Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament wanted to stop a planned nuclear test in Alaska. The test was not prevented, but it laid the groundwork for the Greenpeace organization.
Though the organization is nonviolent, it has engaged in some radical, though nonviolent, activities. In French Polynesia, Greenpeace engaged in civil disobedience to protest nuclear experiments taking place there.
In 1985, the French blew up the Greenpeace ship the Rainbow Warrior to prevent the organizations protest of nuclear testing.
Since then, Greenpeace has only been more radicalized. It has chained itself to coal power plants, and recently made headlines blocking Japanese waling ships from refueling.