The Fractal Patterns of Landscapes Devastated by Drought



Image: Bertil Videt

The beauty of nature works in mysterious ways. It can sometimes present itself in the harshest of landscapes, for example. Drought is a killer of animals, crops and people, yet there is an undeniable aesthetic appeal to the images of parched terrains that we are about to explore. As we will see, the effect of drought on the land, with the cracked and fractal patterns it leaves in its wake, can be almost hypnotic.


Image: Cracked soil pattern in the Zin valley, Arava, Israel image from Bigstock

Drought occurs when there has been a period of time – months or years – with a clear reduction in precipitation, which leads to a dearth of either the surface or underground water supply in the affected region. The effect of these barren terrains on plant, animal and human life can be deadly.

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