Submarine defense boom, Cramond Island, Edinburgh, Scotland
Not one of the structures is much older than sixty years, yet in these stunning pictures by photographer Jonathan Andrew, many look as though they could be far, far more aged. You might even be forgiven for thinking them ancient ruins from some forgotten race – a very warlike race, certainly, as they are actually the remains of European World War II military installations.
Rising up out of the water, these partially submerged monoliths are the pillars of the Cramond Island anti-submarine boom. As the name implies, this was a defensive structure meant to keep invading subs away from this part of the Scottish coastline.
When they were in use, these columns would have had fortified concrete panels between them, providing extra protection for the causeway. They certainly would have made a formidable barrier!
Image: Jonathan Andrew
Type V143 Mammut Radar Antenna, Waringzelle, Nord Pas De Calais, France
Located in Waringzelle, Nord Pas de Calais, this bunker was built by the Germans to accommodate their marines, while its roof supported a radar antenna known as “Mammut”. German forces occupied this part of France during WWII, launching many attacks against England from here before the region was liberated in 1944.